A title company is a firm with expertise in conducting and overseeing transfers and transactions with the title of a piece of property (like a house). They examine the quality of a title, checking for claims agains it (such as a lien placed on the title as a result of some financial obligation that wasn't fulfilled) and verifying it actually belongs to the person selling it. They'll also be responsible for offering title insurance if the transaction requires it. In many states, a representative of a title company also coordinates the closing of the home transaction itself.
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